The Executive

The power to enforce the law and realize domestic policies is vested constitutionally in the Chief Secretary, who in turn promulgates all laws, takes care that “the domestic policy be realized and the Law be executed faithfully”, and superintends the various Executive Departments established by statute.

The President of the Republic appoints the Chief Secretary “at his pleasure” when there is a vacancy in the latter’s office, but has no power to remove him. In order to be appointed, the Chief Secretary must satisfy a number of qualifications; to wit, he must:

1. Be 30 years old (or 18 years between 2020 and 2030);

2. Have been seven years a resident within the Republic;

3. Be and remain an inhabitant within the State throughout his tenure; and

4. At the time of his appointment, not have served or acted as the President longer than three of the preceding ten years.

By virtue of the office, the Chief Secretary has the power to make decrees, regulations, executive orders, and other instruments necessary to administer the Executive Branch, the law, and the domestic policy. He is the only person other than a sitting legislator who is able to introduce legislation, and may do so in either house of the legislature.

Together with the President, the Chief Secretary leads the Council of State as its Vice-Chairman.

The Cabinet

In his capacity as the Head of Government, not unlike the French Prime Minister and his Government, respectively, the Chief Secretary leads a multi-member Executive body called the Cabinet, which is comprised by himself and the chief leaders of each Department.

The Chief Secretary recommends both the appointments and the removals of the other members of the Cabinet — i.e., the Secretaries, Deputy Secretaries, and Under Secretaries of each Department — which the President is obliged to carry out. When making such appointments, the appointees must take their oaths of office by the President in witness of the Chief Secretary.

Together the Cabinet all hold their offices until they lose collectively the confidence of the Chamber of Delegates, or until they choose individually to resign; and, in the case of the Chief Secretary, he must resign whenever a Resolution of No-Confidence is passed by the Delegates, or a Resolution of Confidence fails. Whenever the Chief Secretary resigns, regardless of the cause, the rest of the Cabinet must also resign with him, though they do not leave office until the next Chief Secretary is appointed and installed.

The entirety of the Cabinet (and for that matter the whole of the Government, including the President) may be summoned at any time by legislators and held to account for their overall performance.